Unveiling Reliable Definitions  of Hypnosis

James Braid's  

"Neuro-Hypnotism"  refers to the nervous sleep induced by focused attention, evolving into monoideation, a state of concentrated consciousness.

Vision of Hypnosis

Father of modern hypnotherapy defines it as a psychical state enhancing susceptibility to suggestion, beyond induced sleep.

Hippolyte Bernheim's Perspective

From sleep-like states to unique mental conditions, Freud delves into hypnotherapy's varying degrees of consciousness.

Freud's Hypnotic Exploration

Hypnosis as a heightened state of suggestibility, uniting diverse interpretations on the essential susceptibility factor.

Clark L. Hull's Behaviorist Insight

It is a state of consciousness –not unconsciousness or sleep– a state of consciousness or awareness in which there is a marked receptiveness to ideas and understandings and an increased willingness to respond either positively or negatively to those ideas.

Milton Erickson's Visionary Hypnosis

Shifting from "induced sleep" to "altered attention," BMA captures psychological and physiological changes in the hypnotic state.

The British Medical Association (BMA)

Hypnosis is a state of mind in which the critical faculty of the human is bypassed, and selective thinking established.

Dave Elman's  Mind State

Hypnosis as an imaginative experience guided by suggestion, encompassing a range of changes in perception, emotion, and behavior.

The American Psychological Association (APA)